Roman town Iulia Aemona in 50AD

Ljubljana, the capital of the Republic of Slovenia, is the political, cultural and economic centre of the country. Ljubljana has a population of 330,000 and is known for its diverse cultural life, fine architecture, and heritage. Ljubljana castle dominates the cityscape - a document from 1112 to 1125 mentions a castle built on the hill in the ninth century. The city emblem is the green dragon on the castle. 
The city is located centrally in the vast Ljubljana basin, the region called Central Slovenia, at the intersection of the route from northern Europe to Italy and the Adriatic Sea, and from western Europe to the East.  Slovenia has newly regionalised into twelve divisions: Primorska, Notranjska, Goriška, Central Slovenia, Dolenjska, Zasavje, Posavje, Savinjsko, Koroška, Poravje, Pomurje.
It has a legacy from all periods of its history; from Roman Emona; to the Renaissance, Baroque and Art Nouveau periods. In the 20th century, Ljubljana was shaped by the architecture and urban design of Jože Plečnik.
There is evidence of village settlements (the Copper Age, 2,300-1,800BC) in the marshes of Ljubljana, where lake-dwellers lived. The world’s oldest wheel was found in the marshes in 2002, dating between 3250 to 3100BC. It was first known as the Roman town Iulia Aemona (Emona) around 50AD. Ljubljana was one of the main commercial centres on Hapsburg territory, as the capital of Carniola during the fourteenth century. It was ruled by the Hapsburg monarchy, from 1335 until 1914. After 1918 when Slovenia became a member state of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, cultural and educational bodies were founded; the National Gallery in 1918, and the University of Ljubljana in 1919, and the Academy of Sciences and Arts (1938). Over 10,000 cultural events take place in the city every year, among which there are ten international festivals. The Cankarjev Dom Cultural and Congress Centre alone hosts annually around 1,000 cultural events.

Photo Album:
Ljubljana the capital  Ljubljana Castle  Ljubljanica River  

Learning activities

1. Design a tour map
map (karta)
Linguistic element: noun  - proper
Using the map of the city draw a tour plan for a day’s walking tour of the city centre - indicating the names of the landmarks to be visited.
Look at the virtual tour of Ljubljana in Burger's Landmarks

2. Write a tour program
tour program (program)
Linguistic element: noun - declensions
Write a complete two days tour program of the highlights of the city

3. Produce a tourist brochure
tourist brochure (turistična brošura)
Linguistic element: adjective - declensions
design a brochure on the many attractions of the city

4. Write a letter
letter/email (pismo/elektronska pošta)
Linguistic element: verb - past tense
Write a letter to a friend about your sight-seeing in Ljubljana

5. Script a telephone call
telephone call (klic)
Linguistic element: pronoun - declensions
Script a phone-call of a talk with a friend about performances and events which are listed at Cankarjev dom 
6. Record a diary entry
diary (dnevnik)
Linguistic element: prepositions
In a diary entry, write about your  experiences as a visitor in Ljubljana

Comprehension - Reading and Responding

Read the Slovenian version of texts  ‘History of Ljubljana’ from web site, ‘Ljubljana’

Answer the following questions in English.
1. When were the Ljubljana marshes settled by the lake-dwellers?
2. What is the earliest name of present day Ljubljana?
3. Which books did Primož Trubar publish in 1550, and what was their significance?
4. What does Congress Square commemorate?
5. What occurred in Ljubljana during Napoleonic rule?
6. What is the name of the new political state of Yugoslavia in 1918?
7. When did Slovenia gain full independence?



In Slovenian


In English

Video online
You can bet on Ljubljana (2008) : 6.38min

Kamniti Pygmalion, Jože Plečnik, RTV Slovenija, 1992

Božič, D, Zakladi Tisočletij, Modrijan, Ljubljana, 1999
Čepič, T, Urban Development of Ljubljana, Municipal Museum of Ljubljana, 1997
Čopič, S, Ljubljansko kiparstvo na prostem, Državna založba Slovenije, Ljubljana, 1991
Drnovšek, Marjan, Ljubljana na starih fotografijah, Zgodovinksi arhiv Ljubljana, 1985
Fallon, S, Slovenia, Lonely Planet Publications, Hawthorn, 2004
Gosar, A, Jeršič, M, Slovenia, the Tourist Guide, Mladinska knjiga, Ljubljana, 1999
Kladnik, D, Ljubljanske Metamorfoze, LUXURIA, Ljubljana, 1991
Kladnik, D, Sto Muzejev na slovenskem, Prešernova družba, Ljubljana, 1998
Krečič, P Jože Plečnik - moderni klasik, DZS, Ljubljana, 1999
Krečič, P, Plečnik's Ljubljana, Cankarjeva založba, Ljubljana, 1991
Kuhar, S, Potokar, R, Let's see the city Ljubljana, architectural walks and tours, Piranesi Foundation, Ljubljana, 2008
Mihelič, B, Ljubljana in okolica A - Z: priročnik za popotnika in poslovnega človeka, Pomurska založba, Murska Sobota, 1996
Mihelič, B, Ljubljana City Guide, DZS, Ljubljana, 1994
Skoberne, P, Ljubljanica - vodnik, Mladinska knjiga, Ljubljana, 2004
Stanonik, M, Bela Ljubljana, Kmečki Glas, Ljubljana, 2001
Šumi, N, Po baročni spomenikov Slovenije, Zavod Republike Slovenije, Ljubljana, 1992

Links updated: 2 Dec 2012

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